Eczema Treatment in Delhi
What is eczema?
Eczema is a common term used for describing many types of skin inflammation or allergies. The most common form of eczema atopic dermatitis, though there are many forms of eczema. Eczema can happen to people of any age, although it is most commonly found in infants. People who have eczema often have a family history of this condition or a family history of some other allergic conditions, such as hay fever or asthma. Eczema is not infectious, but since it is believed to be partially genetic, it is not uncommon to find people of the same family affected. Delhi skin specialists are adept in treating any types of eczema and ensure that complete attention is given to the patient.
What are different types of eczema?
Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common types of eczema. There are many terms used to describe specific forms of eczema that have similar symptoms to atopic dermatitis. They are mentioned below:
Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease categorized by itchy, reddened skin and is the most common cause of eczema. The conditions come and go as per the exposures to triggers or causative factors. It is caused due to factors such as pollen, contact irritants like soaps, detergents, perfumes, or food allergies. It runs in families and people who have it often have a family history of other allergic conditions such as asthma or hay fever.
Contact eczema is a localized reaction that causes itching, redness, burning sensation when skin comes in contact with an allergy causing substance or with a general irritant such as a cleaning agent, acid, or other chemicals. It is sometimes also referred as allergic contact eczema if the trigger is an allergen and irritant contact eczema (irritant contact dermatitis) if the trigger is an irritant. People having history of allergies are at a higher risk for developing contact eczema.
Seborrheic eczema is a form of skin inflammation of cause unknown. The signs include yellowish, oily, scaly patches of skin on the scalp, face and other parts of the body. This condition tends to run in families. Weather conditions, oily skin, emotional stress and infrequent shampooing increase the risk of developing seborrheic eczema.
Nummular eczema is categorized by coin-shaped patches of irritated skin. They are mostly located on the arms, back, buttocks, and lower legs, which can be extremely itchy, crusted or scaled. This type of eczema is uncommon and mostly happens in elderly men. It is a chronic condition and if family history of dermatitis, asthma, or allergies is present, then there is increased risk of developing the condition.
Neurodermatitis is a chronic skin inflammation that is caused by a scratch-itch cycle that starts with a localized itch (such as an insect bite) that becomes intensely irritated when scratched. Women are mostly affected by neurodermatitis than men, and the condition is most frequent in people 20-50 years of age
What is the treatment for eczema?
The main aim behind treatment for eczema is to prevent inflammation, itching, and worsening of the condition. Treatment of eczema includes both changes in lifestyle and use of medications. Treatment is based on an individual’s age, overall health status, and the severity and the type of condition. Keeping skin hydrated using creams and an ointment as well as avoiding over bathing is an important step in treatment. Doctors recommend applying emollient creams such as petrolatum-based creams to the body straight away after a five-minute lukewarm bath in order to seal in moisture while the body is still wet. Topical medications belong to a class of immune suppressant drugs known as calcineurin inhibitors and are indicated only in patients over 2 years of age. Though, it is recommended that these drugs should be used as a second-line therapy for cases that are unresponsive to other forms of treatment and that their use is limited to the minimum time periods needed to control symptoms. Skin clinic in Delhi has one of the best dermatologists in Delhi trained from foreign institutes and offering quality treatments.