Vitiligo is basically a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes (the cells that make pigment) in the skin are destroyed. Due to which, white patches appear on the skin in various parts of the body. Same type of patches also appears on both the mucous membranes (tissues that line the inside of the mouth and nose) and the retina (inner layer of the eyeball).
Symptoms of Vitiligo
People having vitiligo usually notice white patches on their skin. These patches are more commonly found on areas where body is exposed to the sun, including hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Other areas where white patches appear are the groin and armpits, and near the mouth, nostrils, navel, genitals and rectum.
Vitiligo generally appears in one of three patterns:
- Focal pattern — depigmentation limited to one or only a few areas
- Segmental pattern — depigmented patches that develop on one side of the body
- Generalized pattern — the most common pattern. Depigmentation occurs symmetrically
on both sides of the body.
It is important for the patient to understand the nature and unpredictable course of this disease. A balanced nutritious diet with quality amount if vitamins and minerals are vital. Avoid emotional stress, physical & chemical damage to skin, excess of Vitamin C.
Medical treatment includes
- Psoralens –Natural or synthetic with sun exposure
- NBUVB, PUVA- Photothearapy under medical supervision.
- Cortico steroids
- Placental Extracts