Eczema Treatment in Delhi

What is eczema?

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Eczema is a common term used for describing many types of skin inflammation or allergies. Although there are many forms of eczema, the most common one is atopic dermatitis. Eczema can happen to anyone irrespective of their age and the condition is often associated with people who have a family history of this or some other allergic conditions, such as hay fever or asthma. Skin specialists at DermaWorld are well-adept in treating all types of eczema and ensure that complete attention is given to the patient.

What are different types of eczema?

Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common types of eczema. There are many terms used to describe specific forms of eczema that have similar symptoms to atopic dermatitis. They are mentioned below:

Atopic dermatitis

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Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease categorized by itchy, reddened skin and is most commonly prevalent in infants. The condition comes and goes as per the exposures to causative factors. It can be caused due to pollen, contact irritants like soaps, detergents, perfumes, or food allergies. It runs in families and people who have it often have a family history of other allergic conditions such as asthma or hay fever.

Contact eczema

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Contact eczema is a localized reaction that causes itching, redness, burning sensation when skin comes in contact with an allergy causing substance or with a general irritant such as a cleaning agent, acid, or other chemicals. It is sometimes also referred as allergic contact eczema if the trigger is an allergen, and irritant contact eczema (irritant contact dermatitis) if the trigger is an irritant. People having a history of allergies are at a higher risk for developing contact eczema.

Seborrheic eczema

Seborrheic eczema is a form of skin inflammation, the cause of which is unknown. The symptoms include yellowish, oily, and scaly patches of skin over the scalp, face and other parts of the body. This condition tends to run in families and conditions such as abrupt weather changes, oily skin, emotional stress and infrequent shampooing increase the risk of developing seborrheic eczema.

Nummular eczema

Nummular eczema is characterized by round patches of irritated skin and are usually found on arms, back, buttocks, and lower legs. They can be very itchy, crusted or scaled. This type of eczema is uncommon and mostly happens in elderly men. It is a chronic condition and if one has a family history of dermatitis, asthma, or allergies, then there is an increased risk of developing the condition.

Neurodermatitis

Neurodermatitis is a chronic skin inflammation which begins with localized itching (example – insect bite) and becomes severe when scratched. The condition is more common in women than men and usually affects people between 20-50 years of age.

What is the treatment for eczema?

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The main aim behind the treatment for eczema is to prevent inflammation, itching, and worsening of the condition keeping in mind an individual’s age, overall health status, severity and typ..

Treatment of eczema involves the following changes in both lifestyle and medications:

  • Keep skin hydrated using creams and ointments.
  • Avoid over bathing.
  • Apply petrolatum-based creams to the body straight away after a five-minute lukewarm bath in order to seal in moisture while the body is still wet.
  • Avoid rapid changes of temperature and stay away from activities that make you sweat.
  • Topical medications belong to a class of immune suppressant drugs known as calcineurin inhibitors and are indicated only in patients over 2 years of age.

It is recommended that these drugs should only be used as second-line therapy for cases that are unresponsive to other forms of treatments. Their use should be limited to the minimum time periods needed to control symptoms. DermaWorld skin clinic has one of the best dermatologists trained from top institutes who offer high quality treatments for all kinds of eczema.