What is acne? Which age group is affected?

Acne is a skin condition caused by obstruction of the oil producing glands over face, neck, back and the chest. This condition is not dangerous, but can leave scars. Our skin has pores which connect to the oil glands, which are located under the skin. The glands are connected to the tiny holes via follicles. These glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. The sebum carries dead skin cells via follicles to the surface of the skin. Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked. Most of the patients who get affected by this problem are in their teens but sometimes in few cases acne may occur in the twenties or even thirties. Acne treatment in Delhi is offered with the help of experienced dermatologists that make use of advance techniques and methods.

What is the treatment for acne?

The treatment for acne is individualized and depends on varied factors:

  • The extent of lesions and the symptoms
  • Occupational exposure to chemicals/oils; use of heavy cosmetics
  • The psychological effects on the patient because of acne
  • The scarring and dark spots it is likely to leave
  • Any underlying hormonal imbalance (PCOD, Cushing’s disease)
  • If patient is taking any other medication

What can be done for Acne Scars?

Acne scars can be treated as per the nature of scars and the type of skin. Skin laser treatment in Delhi for acne is offered through various methods such as:

  1. Facial peels
  2. Laser resurfacing
  3. Dermal fillers
  4. Acne treatment

What is Laser Hair Removal? How does the treatment work?

Laser hair removal is one of the long-lasting methods and usually requires 3-4 more treatment sessions, but it can’t be used for everyone. In laser hair removal, the laser beam or a light pulse works to destroy the hair bulb itself. There are two primary hair removal methods of electrolysis such as galvanic and thermolytic.

  • Galvanic - It chemically destroys hair follicle. It is an old method but requires several treatments.
  • Thermolytic -This method uses heat to destroy the hair follicle.

You may require few sessions, but laser hair removal treatment can be used on many parts of the body where unwanted hair may appear. Laser hair removal works best on light skin and dark coarse hair. It does not work on white, brown and very thin black hair.

What are the side effects of the different methods of hair removal?

The most common side effects of hair removal can be skin irritation and redness. Shaving can cause cuts and can lead to ingrown hair. Laser hair removal can also cause burns and color changes in the skin. Hair regrows rapidly with these methods and in course of time growth may become thicker. Electrolysis hurts and some people also get thick scars, which may also change the color of the skin around where the hair was removed.

What can we do to prevent or reduce fine lines & wrinkles?

Aging is a natural process that can’t be prevented to affect you, but can delayed. As we age, the elastic fibers in the dermis break down and are lost leading to loose, wrinkled, and sagging skin. While we can’t reverse any possible cause of wrinkling, there are few steps that can be taken to slow the ageing process. Dermatologist in Delhi has vast experience in treating patients with fine lines & wrinkles and thus leaves no stone unturned in offering them the best services.

While we can’t reverse every possible cause of wrinkling, there are steps we can take to slow down the ageing process:

  • Protection from sun: This is very important as sunrays have UV rays which add to photo-aging. Use of sunscreens & covering the skin is important.
  • Lifestyle changes: This includes an objective healthy diet with plenty of water, fiber rich diet with salad & fruits. Regular exercise, meditation, yoga and stress reduction is also essential.
  • Daily skin care – skin care is vital and should includes mild cleansing of the face daily, application of a moisturizer, and daily sunscreen use.
  • Avoid using cosmetics - Facials, bleach and regular use of cosmetics are detrimental for skin and at times patients may are also sensitive to reaction to these.

What is non-surgical facelift/ Dermalift?

Non-surgical facelift or Dermalift is often known as wonder treatment that can help you in looking younger & feel great. This procedure utilizes radiofrequency waves to generate deep heat within the skin and tightens the collagen in the skin and also stimulates new collagen formation. This result in a firm and tighter skin, decreased pore size with mild skin whitening effect, too. Generally, 3-5 sessions are required to build a high-quality of collagen.

Advantages of non surgical facelift:

  • It is a totally non-invasive and effective treatment for mild to moderate wrinkles, loose and sagging skin.
  • It is a safe, painless & relaxing procedure with no social downtime at all.
  • It brings an instant glow to a dull lifeless skin and therefore, a large number of our patients get it done before important events.

What are dermal/wrinkle fillers and what are they used for?

Dermal fillers are made up of collagen and can be used in varied indication to provide wonderful results. Dermal fillers are also called “liquid facelifts” as they offer many benefits of a surgical facelift without much time. These soft tissue fillers can add more volume and can offer instant results at a much lower cost. This treatment is not permanent and however, must be repeated and maintained. Lips, cheeks, mouth corners, nose, chin, wrinkles, brows are some of the common areas for treatment with dermal fillers.

What is BOTOX? How Does Botox Work? What are its dermatological indications?

Botox is basically a non-surgical treatment for frown lines and is the purified form of Botulinum Toxin Type A (BTA). Botox blocks the nerve impulses to muscles and sweat glands with the release of a key chemical, acetylcholine. It helps in smoothing out the facial wrinkles in the forehead area and the eye area. It can also be used to treat excessive sweating in armpits, palms & soles. It involves a little injection into the affected areas and is comparatively painless with no downtime. Skin clinic in Delhi offer treatments at affordable rates.

What are chemical peels? What are its indications?

Chemical peel is a body treatment that is done to enhance and smooth the texture of the facial skin by using a chemical solution that causes dead skin to eventually peel off. The skin that is regenerated is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. In this technique, one or more chemical agents are applied to the skin for a short time and then washed off.

Chemical peels are performed on the face, neck, or hands. They can be used to:

  • Reduce fine lines under the eyes and around the mouth
  • Improve the appearance of mild scarring
  • Treat certain types of acne
  • Improve the look and feel of skin that is dull in texture and color
  • Reduce age spots, freckles, and dark patches due to pregnancy or taking birth control pills (melasma)
  • Treat wrinkles caused by sun damage, aging, and family history

What are the causes of under eye dark circles? How can I get rid of them?

Most common causes of dark circles:

  • Allergies and Eczema
  • Heredity
  • Old Age causing sagging & wrinkling of skin under eyes
  • Pregnancy
  • Lack of sleep or excessive tiredness
  • Exposure to Sun
  • Any kind of stress, physical or mental
  • An unbalanced diet or lack of a nutritious diet

Treatment options for Dark Circles available at our institute:

  • Microdermabrasion
  • Laser Photofacial
  • Non ablative radiofrequency or Non surgical Face lift
  • Glycolic acid peel
  • Treatment of Underlying medical cause ; a patient must consult a dermatologist for complete checkup
  • Skin lightening creams & eye lifting creams
  • Surgical treatment i.e. blepharoplasty & Autologous fat transplant

What are the causes of hypermelanosis/ hyperpigmentation/ pigmentation of skin?

When body produces too much melanin, it causes the skin to become darker. Causes are as follows:

  • Sun exposure
  • Birthmarks
  • Internal disorders
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Medicinal drugs
  • Genetic inheritance
  • Allergy to Cosmetics & toiletries
  • Nutritional deficiency

Treatments of pigmentation include:

  • Sun protection & demelanizing creams
  • Nutritional supplements
  • Chemical peels, Microdermabrasion & laser treatments

What is Vitiligo or Leukoderma? What are symptoms of Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is basically a skin condition in which skin loses a brown color pigment resulting in irregular white patches that feel like normal skin. It is an autoimmune disease and a social stigma. No age is immune to vitiligo. The white patches are the signs of vitiligo and can happen anywhere on the skin, hands, arms, lips and face. However, every patch on the body can’t be vitiligo as there are many conditions that can cause white spots on skin apart from vitiligo.

What is the treatment options available for Vitiligo?

Early treatment options include the following:

  • Phototherapy – It’s a medical procedure in which the skin is cautiously exposed to ultraviolet light. Phototherapy may be given alone, or after you take a drug that makes your skin sensitive to light.
  • Medicines are also applied to the skin, such as:
    • Corticosteroid creams or ointments
    • Topical drugs such as methoxsalen (Oxsoralen)
    • Immunosuppressant creams or ointments, such as pimecrolimus (Elidel) and tacrolimus (Protopic)

Skin may be moved from normally pigmented areas and placed where loss of pigment is seen. However, there are also cover-up makeup’s or skin dyes available that can mask vitiligo. In extreme cases when most of the body is affected, the remaining skin that still has pigment may be depigmented. This is used as a last resort.

How is Eczema treated?

Treatment depends upon the type, cause & severity of disease:

  • Finding the cause & avoiding the triggering factors
  • Medicines for local application, oral anti-allergic, phototherapy, steroids & steroid sparing agents
  • Regular moisturization of the skin
  • Counseling regarding the nature of the disease
  • Avoid scratching, bathing in hot water & synthetic clothing