Skin Laser Treatment in Delhi
Scabies is a common infection of the skin that is caused by tiny mites that burrow into the top layer of human skin to lay their eggs and cause small itchy bumps and blisters over the whole body more in axillae, groins, pubic area & genitals. The burrows may appear to be short, reddish or darkened lines on the skin’s surface, especially around the wrists and between fingers. Scabies is infectious, and can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact or having sexual contact with someone who is infected with it. Scabies is more common in nursing homes, nursing facilities, and child care centers. Skin specialists in Delhi provide treatment for scabies by prescribing various creams.
- Sores (abrasions) on the skin from scratching and digging
- Rashes, especially between the fingers
- Itching, especially at night
- Thin, pencil-mark lines on the skin
Prescribed medicated creams are most commonly used to treat scabies infections. Creams are applied all over the body from neck to feet followed by warm bath in the morning. Creams are applied as a one-time treatment or they can be repeated once in a week. In cases where scabies is difficult, doctors mat prescribe meditation taken by mouth to kill the scabies mites. Itching may continue for two weeks or more after treatment starts, but will disappear if only you follow the doctors’ treatment plan. Itching can also be reduced with cool socks and calamine solution.
Acne is a skin condition causing pimples or “zit”. This includes whiteheads, blackheads, and red, inflamed patches of skin. Acne is not caused by just one factor. Acne happens when oil glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty. It is associated with increased oil production in the manner in which the skin cells become mature becoming to be predisposed to clog the follicular openings or pores. The clogged follicle enlarges, producing a bump. Few patients may also develop acne due to problems like mental & physical stress, over usage of cosmetics, irregular periods, hormonal imbalance which are likely to aggravate acne. Dermatologists in Delhi provide effective treatment for acne and guide the patients about how to take care of their acne problem.
In order to cure acne, some self-care steps that you can take:
- Clean your skin gently with a mild soap removing all dirt or make-up. Wash your face twice a day, including after working out. However, avoid too much of scrubbing or frequent skin washing.
- Shampoo your hair daily, especially when it is oily. Comb hair and keep the hair out of your face.
What NOT to do:
- Avoid greasy cosmetics or creams. Take off make-up at night.
- Try not to squeeze, scratch, pick, or rub the pimples. Although it might be tempting. To do this, it can lead to skin infections and scarring.
- Avoid touching your face with your hands or fingers.
- Avoid wearing tight headbands, baseball caps, and other hats.
However, if pimples still persist, dermatologist can prescribe stronger medications and discuss other options with you.
Fungal infections are caused by a fungus, which is most commonly found during summer and monsoon months. Fungal infection can happen to any part of the body from head to toe and in some cases nails also get affected. There are many types of fungal infections that can cause superficial or systemic fungal infections in the body. Many types of fungi live in our skin at a given time and do not cause much problem. However, if they will grow uncontrollably, chances of developing a possible fungal skin infection increases. It seems like red lesions having severe discomfort and itching and is more likely to develop at sites excessive sweating like groins, waistline & breast folds. However any part of the body can be involved. If it is not cured properly, it can spread fast and develop superimposed bacterial infection. Treatment is very effective and a wide range of medicines are available for external use to clear the lesions. Skin laser treatment in Delhi is also offered in various skin treatment clinics at affordable rates.
Leprosy is a disease which has been known since biblical times. It causes nerve damage, muscle weakness and skin sores that get worse over the time. Leprosy is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae. It is a mildly contagious disease and has a long incubation period, which makes it hard to know where or when someone caught the disease. Children are the ones who are more likely to get affected by this disease. The disease develops gradually and results in skin lesions and deformities, mostly affecting the cooler places of the body such as eyes, nose, earlobes, feet, hands and testicles.
Symptoms of leprosy
- Numbness and loss of temperature sensation (cannot sense very hot or cold temperature)
- Painless ulcers
- Skin lesions of hypopigmented macules
- Eye damage (dryness, reduced blinking)
- Loss of digits
- Facial disfigurement
Majority of leprosy cases which are clinically diagnosed are treated with antibiotics. The antibiotics, their dosages, and length of time of administration are all based on the type of disease and whether or not the patient is not supervised by a medical professional. Being a completely curable disease, it requires long term drug therapy of about 6 – 12 months regularly.
For older cases with deformities or disabilities, the following modalities are available:
- Corrective Physiotherapy
- Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
Vaccine treatment is also available now that helps to control the infection along with the drug therapy. Surgery is done when medical treatment has been completed with negative skin smears and is mostly done in advanced cases. Surgery is individualized as per each patient with the aim to attempt cosmetic improvements and, if possible, to bring back limb function and some neural functions that were lost to the disease.
Psoriasis is a non-infectious skin condition that produces red, dry plaques of thickened skin. The dry flakes and skin scales occur from the result of the rapid proliferation of skin cells triggered by irregular lymphocytes from the blood. It commonly affects the side of the elbows, knees and scalp. Psoriasis looks like red or pink areas of thickened, raised and dry skin. It can be more common in areas of abrasions, trauma and repeat rubbing. It can be different in appearances. It can be small flattened bumps, red patches, and dry skin to big flakes of dry skin that flakes off.
Types of psoriasis
- Psoriasis vulgaris (common type)
- Guttate psoriasis (small, drop like spots)
- Inverse psoriasis (in the folds like of the underarms, navel, and buttocks)
- Pustular psoriasis (pus-filled, yellowish, small blisters)
- When the palms and the soles are involved, it is known as palmoplantar psoriasis
There are many treatments available for psoriasis that is quite effective. The best treatment is determined separately by the treating physician and depends on the type of disease, the severity, and the total body area involved. In mild case, where only small areas of the body are involved, creams, lotions and sprays can be very effective and easy to use. For moderate to severe disease that involves much larger areas of the body, such cases may require ultra-violet light treatments or systemic (total body treatments such as pills or injections) medications.
Vitiligo is basically a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes (the cells that make pigment) in the skin are destroyed. Due to which, white patches appear on the skin in various parts of the body. Same type of patches also appears on both the mucous membranes (tissues that line the inside of the mouth and nose) and the retina (inner layer of the eyeball).
Symptoms of Vitiligo
People having vitiligo usually notice white patches on their skin. These patches are more commonly found on areas where body is exposed to the sun, including hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Other areas where white patches appear are the groin and armpits, and near the mouth, nostrils, navel, genitals and rectum.
Vitiligo generally appears in one of three patterns:
- Focal pattern — depigmentation limited to one or only a few areas
- Segmental pattern — depigmented patches that develop on one side of the body
- Generalized pattern — the most common pattern. Depigmentation occurs symmetrically
on both sides of the body.
It is important for the patient to understand the nature and unpredictable course of this disease. A balanced nutritious diet with quality amount if vitamins and minerals are vital. Avoid emotional stress, physical & chemical damage to skin, excess of Vitamin C.
Medical treatment includes
- Psoralens –Natural or synthetic with sun exposure
- NBUVB, PUVA- Photothearapy under medical supervision.
- Cortico steroids
- Placental Extracts
Hyper pigmentation is a common, but a harmless condition in which patches of skin start becoming dark in color than the normal skin color. This darkening of the skin happens because of an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, form deposits in the skin. Liver spots or ageing are a common form of hyper pigmentation. They can happen due to damage, and are referred by doctors as solar lentiginis. These small, darkened patches can be found on the hands, face and other areas which are frequently exposed to the sun. Melasma or chloasma spots are same in appearance to age spots but larger skin areas are darkened that appears most often as a result of hormonal changes. Women who take birth control pill may also develop hyper pigmentation as their bodies undergo same kind of hormonal changes that occur during the pregnancy. Skin color change can also occur from outside causes. For example, skin diseases like acne can leave dark spots after the condition is clear. Other causes of dark spots can be injuries to the skin, including surgeries also. Freckles are small brown spots that can appear anywhere on the body, specially face and arms. Age spots, freckles and darkened skin can become even darker when sun is exposed to the sun. This happens because melanin absorbs the energy from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays in order to protect the skin from over exposure. The result of this process is skin tanning, which tends to darken areas that are already Hyper pigmented. Many prescription pigmented creams are also available these days to lighten the skin containing Hydroquinone. Bleaches lighten and fade darkened skin patches by slowing the production melanin so that dark spots gradually fade to match normal skin coloration. Moreover, these days highly effective laser treatments are also available. The q-switched ruby laser and for other pigmented lesions laser removes pigmentation without scaring.
Moles & Nevi
Mole is medically known as a Nevus. Congenital nevi are moles that are present at birth. Nevi are made of a kind of cell, and the name is used to differentiate them from one another, similar appearing fleshy growths. Most moles are usually less that of 1 cm in size. Many moles form in childhood and early adult life are now thought to be out of sun damage. Moles can be raised from the skin and are very noticeable, or they may contain dark hair. They can appear anywhere on the skin. They are mostly brown or black in color and can vary according to shapes and sizes. Facial moles are perhaps before a person is born. Some may not appear until late in life, but moles that appear after age 50 should be taken seriously. They can get darker, which can happen due to the exposure in the sun, pregnancy and also sometimes due to therapies that contain certain drugs. There is a little risk of developing melanoma cancer in these moles.
Only few babies in rare cases are born with mole, congenital nevus. These can vary in size from 1 cm to covering almost the entire body. Large nevi can also differ in size, color, surface texture and hairiness. They can be reddish-brown, others are almost black. Some may have few hairs; many have long, thick, darker hair. Congenital moles grow in proportion to body growth. Their color can stay the same, lighten or darken slowly over time. Surface texture, bleeding, changes in growth, o itching are all mattes of concern. Any such change should be dealt medically if they last longer than a few weeks.
Improving one’s cosmetic appearance is also another reason for removal, but all surgery leaves some scarring. Smaller nevi can be removed by shaving and shaving larger ones can be cut out directly and the wound edges can be sewn together. Skin doctors in Delhi using their vast experience ensures complete and proper treatment for moles & nevi.