What is Dermatology?
The branch of medicines which involves the study of skin is called Dermatology. The person who is associated with these studies and is involved with this branch is called a Dermatologist. The few Dermatology courses offered to students are Diploma, PhD, PG, UG and certificate courses from different colleges and institutions of India.
The eligibility criteria of this course are that the students need to have a pure science background and should clear the twelfth standard.
The dermatology sub-specialities include dermatopathology, which involves studying the pathology of skin, immunology, specializing in treating medicated immune disorders of the skin, including pemphigus Vulgaris, bullous phemigold and lupus.
The removal of tumours of the skin without harming any healthy skin cells is called Mohs surgery. Pediatric dermatology specializes in the study of hereditary skin diseases and skin conditions in children.
A dermatologist is an expert in this field of skin-related diseases and conditions. They may be involved with the practices of both surgeries and medical treatments. Cosmetic procedures or a range of other techniques may be performed by dermatologists depending on the situation and condition of a disease.
These procedures include vitiligo surgery, radiation therapy, intralesional treatment, photodynamic therapy, tattoo removal, tumescent Liposuction, intralesional treatment and laser therapy.
The other treatments included in the dermatology field are warts, cryosurgery, dermatoses, or skin cancers. Also, because our skin is the largest organ of our body and is entirely visible, dermatologists can directly examine the skin portions that need to be treated.
In the fields of cosmetic dermatology, dermatologists have been the leaders. Some dermatologists complete surgical dermatology in fellowships. Many dermatologists have completed their training from their residencies using fillers and surgeries using lasers. Some common surgeries used by dermatologists are Liposuction, facelift and blepharoplasty.
The study which manifests with the diseases like hair loss, scalp abnormalities, hypertrichosis is called Trichology. Immunodermatology is a field of study where conditions like lupus, pemphigus Vulgaris, bullous pemphigoid are treated and diagnosed.
The courses available for Cosmetic Dermatology
These courses are available on both offline and online platforms.
The following list shows the course offered by the college, the location of the college and the tenure of the course:
Cosmetic Dermatology involves studying medicine and is a branch that deals with cellulite, hair disorders, nails, and skin exclusively and deals with the treatment and diagnosis of the same. Cosmetic dermatology is a mixture of both surgical and aspects.
Treating various conditions by improving the appearance of the skin are the procedures of this dermatology treatment. The different illnesses which are associated with cosmetic dermatology are acne, scars, hyperpigmentation, wrinkles. Only surgeons are allowed and granted to perform Liposuction.
All along with the recent growing problems of people, pigmentation has been a constant. The diverse types of pigmentation are hyper-pigmentation or simply pigmentation. These include patches, acne scars and uneven skin tone.
The Indian Institute of Advanced Cosmetology is one of the leading colleges in India to provide these courses among students. Some several other colleges are International Dermatology Institute and the skin and dermatology college. Internationally, Cardiff University, American Academy of Dermatology and the University of Hertfordshire is renowned.
Location – The Indian Institute of Advanced Cosmetology college is located in Pune, Maharashtra and the International Dermatology Institute and the skin and dermatology college is in London. Cardiff University is situated in Cardiff, and the University of Hertfordshire is located in Hatfield. Both of these places are in England.
Tenure – It mainly depends on the college you are pursuing from. If you are doing a prerequisite college course, it varies from two to four years, and if from a medical school, then four years and three years if done from a dermatology residency.
This course includes studying a branch of medicines and treating sexually transmitted skin diseases. In contrast, the study of skin is called dermatology. Both of these subjects are amalgamated together for a collective diploma course.
Venereal diseases include conditions like parasitic infections, viral infections, fungal infections. Some essential conditions include human papillomavirus, infections from HIV, candidiasis, herpes simplex, syphilis, gonorrhoea and genital scabies.
The formal training of Venereology started in India in 1910. The common symptoms of these diseases are red patches in the skin, swelling in a particular portion of skin, itching. The most common treatment of these conditions is medicinal ointments and powders prescribed by doctors and oral medicines.
These conditions are expected between people, and doctors said that these diseases mostly happen in humid and hot places and lack hygiene.
Diploma in Skin and Venereology and Dermatology are offered in many famous and renowned colleges. But among them, CMC, KMC and Saint Johns Medical College stand out to be the best in India.
Location– All of the above top three colleges for this course are situated in Karnataka. The CMC and Saint Johns in Bangalore and KMC in Mangalore, respectively. The South Wales University is located in Wales, England and the Queen Mary University of London, UK.
Tenure– The course has a term of four years, and it is common in every educational institution. It does not vary anywhere, regardless of the college.
As mentioned before, Dermatology is the study of skin and the branch of medicines associated with tit. This diploma course is the primary study on dermatology and is mainly pursued by the students for the initial certificate.
A dermatologist is a medical practitioner who has completed degrees like MBBS or MD. Pursuing only diploma courses won’t offer a student any student a medical degree neither he nor she da practice the study of medicine.
Courses offered by the college– The leading colleges in India which offer this course in India are AIIMS or All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Kasturba Medical College, Armed Forces Medical College. If outside India, then the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is the best to opt for.
Location- The best medical institute of India, i.e. AIIMS, is situated in Delhi, and the rest of the above medical colleges are again in Karnataka. Except for Armed Forces Medical College, which is in Pune, Maharashtra. The Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is in Munich, Germany
Tenure– Every college provides two year course time for this diploma degree
This diploma degree relates to Venereology, Leprosy, and certain skin disorders like appendages and patches. The study consists of the treatment, diagnosis of these conditions.
This study consists of the branch of medicines required for skin diseases, which comes from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s).
The subjects of focus in this course are Dermatosurgery, Venereology, Leprosy, Dermatopathology. In this curriculum, procedures like hair transplant, Botox, laser hair removal and collagen injections are practised.
top colleges to offer this course in Kasturba Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, JSS Medical College. Internationally, The School of Medicine, Cardiff University is famous for this specific course.
Location– The Kasturba Medical College is located in Manipal, The Aligarh Muslim University in Aligarh and the JSS Medical College in Mysore. The School of Medicine, Cardiff University is in Cardiff, the capital of Wales.
Tenure- This course generally has a term of two to three years.
As said above about the study of cosmetic dermatology, this degree offers a postgraduate degree in cosmetic dermatology, which students may pursue after completing cosmetic dermatology. This course includes a detailed analysis of this subject and a more diverse syllabus naturally.
Throughout many colleges offering this course. The Indian Institute of Aesthetic Medicine and the Institute of Cosmetology and Aesthetic Medicine is known for this particular course. If a student wants to go abroad to pursue this course, they should look out for the University of Sunderland.
Location– The Institute of Cosmetology and Aesthetic Medicine is situated in Mumbai, and The Indian Institute of Aesthetic Medicine is in Pune. The University of Sunderland is in Sunderland, England
Tenure– This course has an assignment of two years all around every college.
This course is for doctors who want to upgrade and develop their skills and knowledge in clinical cosmetology. This course focuses more on the practical knowledge of doctors.
Their primary difference of this course among the others is the field of focus. This course relates to practices involved with hair and skincare. Cosmetic Cosmetology is all about hair spas, treatment of the scalp. Cosmetologists can work in any field of dermatology.
VLCC Institute of Beauty and Nutrition and ESI-PGIMSR are the top leading colleges of Clinical Cosmetology in India. This postgraduate degree in clinical dermatology is internationally famous at the University of Dublin.
Location– Both VLCC Institute of Beauty and Nutrition and ESI-PGIMSR is located in Kolkata. The University of Dublin is located in Dublin, Ireland.
Tenure– This depends on the variant of the course. If you are doing an online course, it has a term of fifteen to sixteen months, and if we are pursuing an offline system, it generally lasts for four years.
This the topmost course in the study of Dermatology, and students who completed or is pursuing this course can start prescribing and practising medicine. This degree has the most diverse syllabus among all of the above methods and naturally the highest degree in dermatology.
CMC, KMC and Saint Johns Medical College are the colleges known for MD/MS in dermatology in India and abroad. Victoria University is quite known for this course.
Location: All three of the above colleges are located in Karnataka. Victoria University is located in Australia.
Tenure: To be specific, this course has a term of two years. But considering all the practical examinations and lab tests, it takes more than eight to nine months. The latter eight to nine months depends on the college and the student.
This is a general bachelor of sciences course in dermatology and is the most common course among students. The best thing about this course is this course works as a base and makes a student eligible for all types of specialization.
Although almost all colleges offer this course, this is the most common one. All India Institute of Medical Sciences is the top medical college in India, and this college is renowned for all its medical degrees. The King’s College and the University of Manchester are known for this course outside India.
Location: AIIMS or The All India Institute of Medical Sciences is located in Delhi.
Tenure: This course is offered for three years. The King’s College and the University of Manchester are both in England
Just like the diploma courses in dermatology, Venereology, leprosy. Master of Sciences is the advanced study degree of these courses. It includes more branches of medicine and the study of skin, acne patches, scars, scalp disorders altogether.
But the main aim of this course is to make students focus on sexually transmitted skin diseases. It is pretty necessary to pursue research in the fields of dermatology, Venereology and leprosy.
some of the famous colleges known for this particular course is the University of Delhi, Amrita University and the JSS Medical College. Outside of India, the St. John’s Institute of Dermatology has gained fame for this course.
Location: Three of the above colleges are located in India. The St. John’s Institute of Dermatology is in England
Tenure: The above course is a two-year duration course.
Just like bachelor of sciences in dermatology, masters in dermatology is the corresponding course of bachelor of dermatology. It contains a detailed syllabus compared to the other classes, and the students receive an M.Sc degree after completing this course.
For this degree, the Madras Medical College and Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research are famous in India.
Location: The Madras Medical College is situated in Chennai, and The Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research is located in Puducherry.
Tenure– This course is a two-year duration program
Wrinkles caused due to ageing or excessive exposure to the sun can be toned away using several ointments and lotions by your dermatologist. The most effective creams contain acids hyaluronic acids such as Juvederm, Perlane and Restylane.
The treatment mainly depends on the type of acne, scars, and the location of the skin, the safest yet effective options are laser resurfacing of the skin, micro-needling and chemical peels.
The wrinkles caused during facial expressions by the action of muscles and the treatment of those wrinkles by an aesthetic procedure are called Botulinum Toxin Treatment.