Hair Loss/Fall Treatment in Delhi, India
Losing hair is undoubtedly heart wrenching. Many doctors may have claimed to bring back your hair through various unheard means but all in vain. Here at Derma World, we do not claim, we create hair-full heads. From FUE, FUT, robotic hair restoration to PRP, Mesotherapy to hair weaving, we do it all for various needs of patients and have proven as the best dermatologist in Delhi/NCR India for all the hair and skin problems of both men and women.
Do not panic out if you are suffering from any type of hair loss — Androgenic alopecia (baldness), Alopecia Universalis, Alopecia Areata, Scarring Alopecia Tricotilomania, Telogen effluvium, Alopecia Totalis, Traction Alopecia, Chemotherapy-induced alopecia, Diffuse Alopecia, we are here to help you get through smoothly & safely.
Dr. Rohit Batra is one of the best & experienced Dermatologist who has the best treatment for hair loss or hair fall in Delhi, India. Treatment starts with the diagnosis & with a unique diagnosis ability, Dr. Rohit Batra is able to treat many patients suffering from hair loss.
Normal Hair Growth
Shedding of 50 to 100 hairs is a completely normal process. When a hair sheds, it gets replaced by a new hair from the follicle which is just below the surface. Hair is formed from a protein, which is of the same type as found in fingernails and toenails. It is imperative for everyone to eat an adequate amount of protein in order to maintain normal hair production. Egg, meat, nuts, chicken, dried beans and grains are all rich source of proteins.
Most of us feel that our hair grows and falls instantly. It is mainly because of our sudden realization on thickening or thinning of hair that we draw such a conclusion. However, the reality is overlooked. Just like physiological and natural processes around the earth, our hair too undergoes a complete cycle. A single strand of hair is born, grows, enters old age and finally sheds off. Thus, normal hair growth is a cyclical process.
At a given interval of time, say two to three months or even one month in abnormal cases, when rate of hair fall exceeds the new number of hair born; we term it as hair loss. Similarly, when rate of growing hair is more than that of shedding; alleluia, it’s a sign of hair growth.
Hair growth cycle comprises three stages
- Anagen: – In the first stage, hair grows at half an inch every month. The rate increases in summer and reduces in winter. On an average, it takes place in 3 to 5 years, with Asians undergoing maximum tenure of anagen, which is for 7 years. Where full length hair average is about 18 to 30 inches, for Asians it’s up to 1m. This is the active hair growth phase.
- Catagen:- The second stage is the shortest phase in this cycle, spanning for only 10 days. It is basically a transitional phase from anagen to telogen.
- Telogen:- By now, active hair have become old and about to fall off. The telogen stage is a resting phase where hair follicles remain inactive for approximately 3 months, after which the entire process is repeated. Since each hair follicle functions independently, hence, it has its own growth cycle. Had this not happened, then sudden loss of huge quantity of hair would have been natural. In healthy hair cycle, about 80 hairs are lost by an individual every day.
It is only due to some causes that one experiences gradual or rapid hair loss. When it happens, the normal hair growth cycle gets disrupted.
Causes of Hair Loss
Causes of hair fall are plenty. To point them out, the main reasons are:
- Anxiety and Stress: – In present day world, it is the primary reason behind hair loss. More than mental stress, physical and emotional stress can also result in gradual loss of hair. People prone to be anxious, also have higher chance of losing their treasure. Hair loss from tensions only reduces when there’s lesser stress or when person is actively involved in few relaxing techniques like yoga, exersice or meditation.
- Thyroid Disorders:- A curse for its victims, both excess presence of thyroid, i.e. hyperthyroidism and lack of adequate amount of thyroid i.e. hypothyroidism can bring down the number of hairs to a drastic loss. If thyroid disorders are well treated, hair loss gets automatically controlled.
- Hormonal Changes: – Changes in hormone especially during menopause or just after childbirth are significant reasons behind hair loss. It can also take place with age & body goes through a series of hormonal changes, often creating hormonal imbalances. Not only women, even men can lose hair due to hormones.
- Medications: – Complex medications like beta blockers, anti-depressants, anti-convulsants, anti-coagulants, etc. have serious effect on hair and shed a good number of them, in a short time span. Besides these, medicines given during critical surgeries also contribute to hair loss. While medicines are a strong hair loss factors, surgeries too have an equal share in causing hair fall. Treatments like chemotherapy are known to clear off scalp and make it hair-free. Good thing is when such medications or treatments are stopped; hair gradually returns into its normal cycle and slowly starts growing. In most cases though people do opt for hair loss treatments, which accelerates normal hair growth cycle in them.
- Lupus:- An autoimmune disease largely responsible for hair loss, Lupus is characterised by patchy loss of hair with signs of lesions on the scalp. Those consuming lupus medications are also likely to lose their hair.
- Common medical abnormalities: – Besides the above, some other causes of hair fall is failure of renal, liver problems, inflammatory bowel diseases and similar conditions. As each of these abnormalities disturbs the body’s own mechanism, hence it affects hair follicles and so brings about loss of hair.
Classifications of Hair Loss
Although the term “hair loss” may seem to be the same, however it is different for everyone due to its distinct pattern. Most importantly, the specific pattern of hair loss determines the best possible treatment to regain lost hair and control further hair loss. Overall, hair loss can be classified into the following categories.
- Androgenic Alopecia: – Being the most common type of hair loss, it can victimise both men and women; the former on a higher rate. Research confirms that about 70% of males and 40% of females around the world are expected to go through at least some degree of androgenic alopecia, at some point of life. It may recur at any point of time. In this hair loss pattern, hair at the top of the scalp is most affected. Hair thinning first develops at the crown or the temple or both and then gradually spreads inwards forming a ‘horse shoe pattern’ of hair loss. In women, the crown relatively remains unaffected.
- Traction Alopecia: – It is more like a manmade cause and is generally seen among women. The main cause behind this hair loss is the use of tight hairpins and rubber bands which tighten the hair roots for a long time. As fallout, hair strands cannot resist the pressure for prolonged hours and tears off from the roots. When hair is let open, it then sheds off. The hairline recedes leaving short and broken hair along the fringe. The one and only way to tackle this problem is to tie hair in not so tight manner and letting it loose or tying it into a bun (without hairpins and clips) for some time.
- Involutional Alopecia: – Yet another hair loss pattern, this kind of alopecia is related with age. Older age means shorter hair cycle and hair also becomes thinner. Further, active hair enters telogen or resting phase quicker. Usually at young age, people have 85% of hair in each growth stage. The percentage takes a downturn with ageing. As it is a natural process, hence proper care on nutritional intake and healthier lifestyle are the means to recover as much hair as possible.
- Trinia Capitis: – In medical terms, it is a fungal infection that ends up with hair loss. It becomes visible as a single or multiple patches of hair loss. At the same time, skin can be itchy, inflamed and scaly. The hair loss pattern takes the shape of ringworm, hence is commonly referred to as ‘ringworm scalp’. In trinia capitis, when hair tears off, it leaves behind a distinct pattern of black dots. This condition is more commonly found in children while adults are a rare case. Suitable medication of the fungal infection can heal hair loss problems.
- Alopecia Areata: – An autoimmune disease that it is, alopecia areata brings hair loss in the form of spots, which is why; another name of this hair loss pattern is spot baldness. It can take place in any portion of scalp and is primarily, an immunity disorder. When body fails to recognise its own cells, the immune system treats hair like an invader and therefore attacks it. As a result, hair starts falling in circular spots. Of those affected with this disorder, only 1% to 2% experience compete hair loss from not only the scalp but also the entire body. Some commonly preferred treatments include topical coal tar, topical ciclosporin, minoxidili and dithranol.
- Telogen Effluvium: – Normally, 85% of hair lies in active growth phase whereas 15% of hair enter telogen or resting phase. Telogen effluvium disrupts the 85+15 balance and more amount of hair enters resting phase. With this, hair naturally thinning and with untreated thinning, it creates baldness all over the scalp.
- It can happen due to reasons like childbirth, excess stress, sudden loss or gain of weight and bereavement.
Patchy Hair Loss
It is nothing but alopecia areata where hair follicles are attacked by the body’s own immune system as it cannot recognise its own blood cells. It causes extensive loss of hair in two ways- one by shedding entire hair from the head and two, loss of hair from the body. The worse thing about patchy hair loss is that it is unpredictable and its fallout varies across patients. Hence, hair specialists cannot come to a uniform conclusion for all cases.
Patchy hair loss can be cured by medical treatment and alternative therapies. Medicines include minoxidil which can be gently applied into the affected scalp areas. Some other medicines prescribed by the dermatologists or hair physicians can also heal the problem. Alternate cure includes aromatherapy, acupuncture and intake of vitamins and herbal supplements.
Treatments for Hair Loss in Men
Male baldness can be effectively treated by the following treatment options:
- Medications: – Certain medicines like Finasteride and Minoxidil yeids good results in controlling hair fall. While the former is a pill, the latter is a lotion to be applied over the scalp, especially in the affected region.
- Therapies: – A perfect combination of oral medicines, creams, shampoos and ointment make a complete hair loss therapy according to individual situation of hair loss. As these are customised solutions, people can expect maximum benefit through hair loss therapy.
- Surgery: – Hair transplant surgeries are the last resort to grow hair. It is best suited for curing male pattern baldness by removing DHT-resistant hair from back of the scalp and inserting the active follicles in bald areas. Surgeries result in even growth of hair around the scalp.
- Laser Combs: – Unlike normal combs, these are specialised combs that carry electricity and emit concentrated light to stimulate the hair follicles. When combined with other hair loss treatments, laser-based combs deliver the most fruitful results in the shortest span of time.
- PRP is also a great treatment to boost the natural hair growth.
Treatments for Hair Loss in Women
Ladies also have a wide range of options to treat their fine hair, get rid of excess hair loss and ensure regrowth at the maximum level. These are:
- Minoxidil:- The wonderful hair loss lotion not only works for men but also for the women, who never wish to let go of their hair. By gently applying the lotion over the scalp, women hair loss is sure to be controlled within a month, latest by 45 days. Also, it is the most commonly preferred medicine by women suffering from hair loss.
- Finasteride and Dutasteride: - Usually, these are prescribed for men, however, only in rare cases, females are asked to consume it. According to research, the two medicines do work in rare cases and when it does, it brings back hair in bounty.
- Spironolactone: - Presence of excess fluids in one’s body can also result in hair loss. By means of Spironolactone, body’s extra amount of liquid comes within the limits; thus making a condition in favour.
- Like in men, PRP is equally good for women and helps in regaining the lost hair.